Health

India had first rejected a patent for this breakthrough drug which sells at $1000 per pill but later overruled its own decision and granted Gilead a patent for it.

New York, September 19

While lack of sleep is a major risk factor for depression, not everyone who tosses and turns at night becomes depressed.

According to a study, individuals whose brains are more attuned to rewards may be protected from the negative mental health effects of poor sleep.

The findings revealed that students with poor quality sleep were less likely to have symptoms of depression if they also had higher activity in a reward-sensitive region of the brain.

"This helps us begin to understand why some people are more likely to...

Boston, September 19

People living with HIV who adhere to antiretroviral therapy but smoke cigarettes are 10 times more likely to die from lung cancer than from AIDS, a study led by an Indian-origin scientist warns.

Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) in the US found that smoking and HIV together put people at risk of developing lung cancer at a rate even higher than that among smokers not infected with HIV.

They found that nearly 25 per cent of people who adhere well to anti-HIV medications but continue to smoke will die from lung...

Is moderate drinking in pregnancy OK? (The Tribune) 17 hours 17 min ago

Washington DC

Heavy drinking while pregnant is a complete no-no but what about light drinking?

It turns out that there's not much research on just how little a pregnant woman could drink without harming her unborn baby, according to a paper published in the journal BMJ Open.

In the United States, doctors have long warned that drinking any alcohol while pregnant can come with serious medical risks, such as the possibility of miscarriage, stillbirth, or physical and behavioural problems in the baby, known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.

...

New York

While tattoos and body piercings are an increasingly popular form of self-expression, it is important for young people to carefully weigh the consequences and potential risks associated with such body modifications, suggests a clinical report by the American Academy of Paediatrics (AAP).

"In most cases, teens just enjoy the look of the tattoo or piercing, but we do advise them to talk any decision over with their parents or another adult first," said David Levine, co-author and professor at Morehouse School of Medicine in Georgia, US.

...

New Delhi

Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers in women worldwide. It occurs in the cells of the cervix, the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina.

The American Cancer Society estimates that about 12,900 new cases of cervical cancer will be diagnosed in 2017.

Almost all cases of cervical cancer are caused by a virus called human papilloma virus (HPV). Women of all ages are at risk of developing this cancer after they begin having sexual intercourse.

However, if you're noticing symptoms, your cancer may...

London, September 18

Modern lifestyle threats such as smoking, obesity and air pollution are more harmful than exposure to low-level radiation, a study warns.

Human populations have always been exposed to ionising radiation, and more so in modern life due to its use in medicine, such as x-ray machines, industry and the military.

Researchers, including those at University of Oxford in the UK, investigated the relative risks of being exposed to low levels of radiation used in medicine, industry and the armed forces.

They found that overall...

Childhood brain cancer treatment to get gentler (The Tribune) 1 day 12 hours ago

London, September 18

Children with the most common type of brain cancer could soon have gentler treatment options, thanks to the discovery that the condition can be divided into seven separate sub-groups each needing a different treatment.

According to a paper presented at British charity Children with Cancer UK's Scientific Conference in Newcastle on Monday, the discovery could pave the way for more precise, "kinder" treatments for childhood medulloblastoma, the BBC reported.

It is anticipated that this discovery, reported in the journal Lancet Oncology, will help...

New York

If a child has an asthma attack in school, would the staff there know how to respond? For most parents in the US, the answer would be a "no", says a study.

While most parents (77 per cent) are sure schools would be able to provide first aid for minor issues such as bleeding from a cut, they are less confident about a school's ability to respond to more complex health situations such as an asthma attack or a mental health problem.

Just 38 per cent of parents are very confident in schools' ability to assist a student suspected of having a...

Toronto

People suffering from schizophrenia are three times more likely to die, and die younger, than the general population, indicating a need for solutions to narrow this gap, new research says.

Schizophrenia is a disorder that affects a person's ability to think, feel and behave clearly.

Follow The Tribune on Facebook; and Twitter @thetribunechd)

The findings showed that...

Schizophrenia may up death risk by three-fold (The Tribune) 1 day 15 hours ago

Toronto

People suffering from schizophrenia are three times more likely to die, and die younger, than the general population, indicating a need for solutions to narrow this gap, new research says.

Schizophrenia is a disorder that affects a person's ability to think, feel and behave clearly.

Follow The Tribune on Facebook; and Twitter @thetribunechd)

The findings showed that...

Genetic flaw may lead to high insulin levels (The Tribune) 1 day 16 hours ago

London

Researchers have discovered how a genetic mutation may lead to excess production of insulin, a condition known as congenital hyperinsulinism, even if the patients have not eaten any carbohydrates.

Since the function of insulin is to metabolise sugars, excess production of insulin leads to chronic hypoglycaemia. The brain, which devours vast quantities of energy, is perpetually undernourished.

The disorder can therefore lead to serious brain damage and even death in the worst cases.

In...

Pages